2015 is rapidly approaching, and among all of the Millennium Development Goals, we’ve arguably come closest to achieving Goal #2: Universal Primary Education. Access to education has dramatically increased, with the number of out-of-school children dropping from 96 million to 72 million between 1999 and 2005. Average enrollment rates in primary school have increased to over 80%, and completion above 60%. Between 1991 and 2007, the ratio of girls to boys in primary education in the developing world improved from 84 to 96%. However, assessments since 1999 show that poor learning outcomes in language, math, and other subjects are pervasive—with over 60% of countries allocating less than 800 yearly hours of instruction for grades 1-6 (far too few), and many developing countries facing shortages of trained teachers.